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How to Grow Guavas in Your Urban Garden

If you’re an urban gardener looking for an exotic way to spice up your backyard, then look no further – growing guavas in your garden is the perfect solution! Guavas are small, tropical fruits that are both delicious and nutritious. With just a little bit of effort, you can reap a plentiful harvest of sweet, juicy, and fragrant guavas. In this article, you will learn about the necessary steps required to successfully cultivate guava trees in your garden, including the soil and climate requirements, planting tips, and easy maintenance advice. You’ll be enjoying your own homegrown guavas in no time!

Selecting a Planting Location

When deciding how to grow guavas in your urban garden, it is essential to select the perfect planting location. It is important to look for a warm, sunny spot with well-drained soil and plenty of room for the guavas to spread out as they reach maturity. Guavas like to be planted in full sun for at least 7-8 hours a day, so if you have an area that gets a lot of direct sunlight, this would be ideal.

The soil should be nutrient-rich and slightly acidic with a pH of 6.0-6.5. You can purchase soil testing kits at most garden centers to test the soil. If the pH is off, you can add some lime or sulfur to adjust it. Additionally, be sure to add some compost or aged manure to the soil to help enrich it before planting.

Planting Guava Trees

When planting, dig a hole about twice as wide and just as deep as the pot that the guava tree was purchased in. Place the tree in the hole and fill it in with soil, making sure to firm it in place. If you are planting more than one tree, space them at least 10 feet apart to give them room to grow.

After planting, water the tree thoroughly and spread a layer of organic mulch around the base to help retain moisture. Be sure to keep the tree watered, especially during dry periods, as guavas do not tolerate drought very well.

Once your guava tree is planted and established, it will require little maintenance. Pruning may be needed occasionally to clear away dead or diseased branches, but other than that guava trees are fairly easy to care for. With the right location and a bit of care, you can enjoy fresh, juicy guavas from your urban garden for years to come!

Caring for the Soil

Growing guava in an urban garden requires the soil to be rich in organic matter and well-draining, with a pH ranging between 5.5 and 6.5. The soil should also be loamy, meaning it should contain sand, silt, and clay in equal parts. Guavas are prone to root rot when the soil is too wet and poor drainage can stunt their growth.

Adding Compost and Fertilizers

Adding plenty of organic matter such as compost to the soil prior to planting guavas is essential. Compost will nourish the soil, making it more fertile and improving soil drainage and structure. A balanced fertilizer applied every two months will ensure the guava tree receives sufficient nutrients. For example, a general-purpose fertilizer such as 5-10-10 (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) can be used.

Mulching for Healthy Soil

Mulch should be added at least 6 inches away from the trunk of the guava tree to prevent the trunk from rotting due to excessive moisture. Using mulch helps retain soil moisture while also preventing weeds from growing. Moreover, mulch can help reduce the number of pests in the garden.

Watering the Soil

When watering a guava tree in an urban garden, the soil should be kept moist but not soggy. It is important to check whether the soil is dry or wet before watering it. During the hot summer months, the guava tree should be watered more frequently and more deeply to ensure the soil remains moist. Irrigation and/or rainfall should meet the minimum water requirements of 1 to 1.5 inches per week.

Managing Soil Problems

If the soil in the urban garden is in poor condition, then various methods can be used to improve the soil quality. Adding sand, manure, or compost to the soil can help improve soil structure, nutrient content, and drainage. Additionally, lime can be added to soil to reduce acidity or increase pH levels.

Planting and Watering

The perfect spot for growing guavas in your urban garden is a spot that is warm and gets plenty of sunlight. Your guavas trees will need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day in order to thrive. Make sure to choose a spot that has well-draining soil and is protected from strong winds. If your garden is particularly small, then you will want to choose a spot in the corner of your garden that is away from other plants.

Preparing the Soil

Once you have chosen the right spot to plant your guavas, you’ll need to prepare the soil. If your soil is compacted, you’ll want to loosen it up with a shovel or a cultivator. To improve drainage and promote healthy root growth, you’ll want to work in some organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil. You’ll also want to make sure that your chosen spot has a pH that ranges from 5.0-7.0.

Planting the Guava Tree

Once the soil is prepared, you can plant your guava tree. You can purchase a guava tree from your local garden center or online plant store. Plant the tree in a hole that is twice as wide as the root ball. Once the tree is planted, water it well and make sure to keep the soil around the base of the tree moist but not soggy.

Caring for Your Guava Tree

Watering your guava tree is essential to its health and growth. While guavas are drought tolerant, they need regular watering during the warmer months to produce delicious fruit. During the periods of growth, the tree will need to be watered weekly. During the winter months, the tree will need less water. It’s important to monitor the soil moisture levels to know when to water your tree. Additionally, fertilizing your guava tree every month during the growing season will help boost its growth.

Protecting Your Guava Tree

Guava trees can be susceptible to pests and diseases. To protect your tree, you’ll want to check for pests and diseases regularly and remove any dead or diseased branches. You may also want to apply a fungicide and insecticide to keep the pests and diseases at bay. Additionally, if your area is prone to strong winds, you’ll want to provide some wind protection for your guava tree, such as by planting another hedge or shrub near it.

Sunlight Requirements

Optimal Sunlight for Guava Tree

Growing guavas in an urban garden requires strategic planning, including the proper placement of the guava tree in order to ensure that it receives the optimal amount of sunlight. Sunlight is necessary for guava tree growth, as it produces energy for photosynthesis and ultimately helps to create healthy, juicy fruit. Guava trees need full sun – at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight daily – for the best overall growth and fruit production. While guava trees can tolerate partial shade, they will not produce as much fruit and may suffer from stunted growth.

Choosing a Location for the Guava Tree

When growing guavas in an urban garden, careful consideration should be given when choosing a location for the tree. The ideal spot should provide ample sunlight and protection from wind, while also offering plenty of room for the tree to grow without becoming overcrowded. It’s also important to make sure the tree is placed in an area with good air circulation and drainage, as water-logged soil can be detrimental to guava tree health.

Maximizing Growing Conditions for Guavas

In addition to finding the right spot for growing guavas, there are also steps you can take to maximize the growing conditions for your urban guava tree. Pruning can be beneficial, as it helps to promote airflow and encourages more flowers and fruit. Mulching around the tree is a great way to help the soil retain moisture and reduce weeds, while providing important nutrients to the guava tree. Finally, providing the guava tree with adequate water is essential for optimal health and fruit production.


Growing guavas in an urban garden is a great way to enjoy the fresh and delicious fruit in the comfort of your own home. One of the most important things to consider when growing guavas is the type of fertilizer you should be using. Properly fertilizing your guava trees can ensure they get all the nutrients they need to grow healthy and produce plenty of fruit.

When to Fertilize Your Guava Tree

It is best to fertilize your guava tree twice per year, once in the fall and once in the spring. This will help your tree stay healthy and strong and provide plenty of nutrients for fruit production. When deciding what type of fertilizer to use for your guava tree, make sure you’re using one that is specifically formulated for fruit trees.

How to Apply Fertilizer to Your Guava Tree

When applying the fertilizer to your guava tree, it’s best to apply it at the base of the tree and spread it evenly outwards. Make sure to avoid the trunk of the tree when applying the fertilizer. Once the fertilizer is applied, it’s important to water your guava tree to help the fertilizer absorb into the soil.

Nutrients Needed for Healthy Guava Trees

It’s important to understand the types of nutrients your guava tree needs. Fertilizing with a balanced fertilizer that is specifically designed for fruit trees is ideal. These fertilizers typically contain all the essential nutrients your guava tree needs, such as nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium.

If you’re having difficulty finding a fertilizer specifically designed for fruit trees, you can use any type of balanced all-purpose fertilizer. Additionally, if your soil contains a lot of organic matter, you may not need to fertilize your guava trees as much.

Quality of Fertilizers for Guava Trees

When choosing a fertilizer for your guava tree, always opt for higher quality options. Look for organic, slow-release fertilizers that are specifically designed for fruit trees. These are typically more expensive, but worth the extra money for the improved quality of the fertilizer.

With the right fertilizer and proper care, your guava tree can produce plenty of delicious fruit for your urban garden. Just make sure to fertilize your tree twice per year, apply it to the base of the tree, and avoid the trunk when spreading it around.

Pruning and Deadheading

Pruning and deadheading are essential steps in maintaining healthy guava plants. Pruning helps keep your guava plants in shape and encourages strong growth. Start pruning your guava trees when they are young. Remove any branches which cross or rub together, and thin out any overly dense branches. You should also remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Prune your guava trees in mid-spring and late summer to shape them and encourage growth in the desired directions.

Deadheading Guavas

Deadheading guavas is also important for maintaining healthy guava plants. Deadheading is the process of removing dead flowers from guava plants to encourage new blooms. Start deadheading guava plants in late spring, after blooming has finished. To deadhead, simply snip off the dead flowers by hand. It is important to remove the flowers as soon as possible, as this will prevent the plants from going to seed and will also help keep them healthy.

Guava Plant Care

Caring for guava plants is simple and straightforward. Water your guava plants regularly, making sure that the soil never completely dries out. Guava plants also benefit from regular fertilization, so be sure to feed your guava plants with a balanced fertilizer every two to three weeks. To prevent pest infestations, inspect your guava plants frequently and spray them with an insecticidal soap or neem oil as needed.


Growing guavas in the urban garden requires that you first prepare the soil of your garden bed. Guavas prefer soil with a slightly acidic pH of 6.0 – 6.5, so use an appropriate soil test kit to check your pH level before planting. Work in plenty of organic matter like compost and aged manure to your soil to help with drainage and fertility.


Guava trees can be started from seeds, cuttings, or by grafting. You can even buy guava trees at your local gardening store. Make sure to plant your guava tree in full sun and space other plants at least 10 feet away from it in all directions, as it will need a lot of space to spread.


Guava trees need to be watered regularly for at least the first 6 months or so after planting. Once established, guava trees are relatively drought tolerant, but they still need to be given at least 1 inch of water per week during dry weather.


Guava trees need to be fertilized regularly to promote healthy growth and fruit production. Use a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 to provide the essential nutrients that your guava tree needs. Fertilize your guava tree at least once a month during the growing season.


Pruning your guava tree is important to ensure that it grows in a healthy and balanced way. Trim away any dead or diseased branches, and prune away any branches that are growing in an unruly manner. This will help shape the tree and promote a more productive guava crop.


Pollination can be an issue for guava trees grown in urban gardens as these usually do not have a wide variety of pollinators. The best way to ensure pollination of your guava tree is to hand-pollinate the flowers. This involves taking a small brush and gently transferring the pollen from the male stamens to the female pistil on each flower. Doing this will ensure that the flowers are pollinated, resulting in a good fruit crop.

Controlling Pests and Diseases

Growing guavas in your urban garden can be a rewarding experience; however, it can be marred by the threat of pests and diseases. The best way to prevent pests and diseases from attacking your guava plants is to maintain a healthy garden. Keep the area clean, provide adequate drainage, water the plants regularly and prune away dying branches to ensure that the guavas remain healthy.

Organic Pest Control

If your guava plants are affected by pests, there are a few organic methods you can use to get rid of them. Insecticidal soaps and horticultural oils are effective at controlling a range of pests, including aphids and scale insects. You can also use garlic or neem oil, which are natural repellents for a variety of pests. Make sure to spray the plants in the morning so that the oils remain on the plants until the sun goes down.

Treating Diseases

If your guava plants are suffering from diseases such as root rot, anthracnose and powdery mildew, you should act quickly to stop them from spreading. Look for signs of the disease, such as discolored leaves, wilted shoots and the presence of mold or fungus. Prune away affected branches, and treat the plants with a fungicide to stop the disease from spreading to other plants.

Protecting Against Animals

Guava plants can also be affected by animals like birds, rabbits and deer. To keep them away, you can use a variety of repellents, such as pepper sprays, as well as physical barriers like fences and netting. If your garden is in an area frequented by deer, you can also plant deer-resistant plants, such as rosemary and lavender, as a natural deterrent.

Guavas Can Brighten Up Your Urban Garden!

Growing guavas in an urban garden can be an exciting and rewarding experience. With the right environment, soil preparation, and maintenance, it is possible to have beautiful, juicy guavas even in an urban space. Prepare your soil with organic material and keep it consistently moist. Make sure your guava has plenty of sun, is in a wind-protected spot, and has some kind of support like a trellis or stakes so it can grow up and be productive. Coddle the plant, prune it regularly, and protect it from pests. With these simple steps, you’ll soon be able to enjoy the vibrant and nutritious guavas from your own urban garden!

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