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How to Create a Vertical Garden in Your Urban Space

For many urban dwellers, a lush green garden seems out of reach. But, with a little planning and creativity, you can create a thriving vertical garden in your city space. Whether you live in a small apartment or a large home, you can easily turn your indoor and outdoor space into a stunning oasis. In this article, we will explore how to create a vertical garden in your urban space and the benefits of doing so. With a little time and effort, you can easily have a beautiful and low-maintenance garden that adds life and character to your space.

What is a Vertical Garden?

Vertical gardens are an environmentally friendly way to use space in an urban area and can provide a range of benefits to homeowners, urban planners and the environment. Vertical gardens conserve space by allowing plants to grow in an upwards direction, rather than occupying flat land. This helps to make the most of limited urban spaces, allowing for more plants to be grown in the same area. Vertical gardens also improve air quality by absorbing carbon dioxide, producing oxygen and providing shelter for local wildlife.

What are the Different Types of Vertical Gardens?

Vertical gardens come in a variety of different forms. Examples include hanging gardens, green walls and living walls. Hanging gardens are usually made up of hanging planters and baskets, while green walls and living walls are more structural in nature. Green walls are typically made up of modular planters that are wall-mounted, while living walls are usually made up of plants and mosses that are planted directly onto the wall.

How to Create a Vertical Garden in Your Urban Space

Creating a vertical garden in your urban space is a great way to make the most of limited space, while also providing environmental benefits. Before starting, it’s important to consider the type of plants you want to grow and the amount of sun and water that each plant requires. This will help you choose the right type of vertical garden for your space.

Once you’ve chosen the type of vertical garden you want to create, the next step is to create a plan. This includes ensuring that the wall you want to install the garden on is strong enough to hold the plants and that there is adequate drainage. Once the plan is created, you can start to install the wall and plants. If you are installing a green wall or living wall, it’s important to make sure the plants are securely planted and that they are regularly watered and fertilized to ensure healthy growth.

How to Maintain a Vertical Garden

Maintaining a vertical garden can be quite simple as long as you are consistent with watering and fertilizing. It’s also important to prune plants regularly to ensure healthy growth and to remove any dead or diseased plants. If you’re using a green wall or living wall, it’s also important to check the planters and wall structures regularly to make sure they are secure and free of any damage. Regular maintenance will help ensure that your vertical garden stays healthy and vibrant for years to come.

Benefits of Creating a Vertical Garden

A vertical garden is a great option for cities where space is limited. By growing plants vertically, it takes up significantly less space than a traditional garden. This makes it easy to fit a vertical garden into your urban space, creating an inviting and lush spot in a tight area. By stacking plants on top of each other, you double or even triple the amount of plants you can fit in a single space.


Vertical gardens are incredibly versatile, allowing you to create a beautiful oasis anywhere. You can attach the garden planters to a wall, hang them from ceilings, or use a trellis or fence-like structure to hang them from. You can customize your garden to your exact specifications and needs, allowing you to create a unique, eye-catching environment. If you’re not happy with your creation, it’s easy to make changes and switch up the design.

Easy to Maintain

A vertical garden can be easy to take care of and maintain. As plants are stacked together, it’s easy to access each one without having to turn over or move other plants. This makes it easy to water and inspect the plants, so you can easily spot and address any problems. Not only that, but you’ll also save time and energy when it comes to weeding and pruning, since the vertical garden is in a controlled and closed off environment.


A vertical garden can be a great way to bring color and life to your urban space. You can choose plants that will attract butterflies and hummingbirds, or opt for edible plants that you can use in your cooking. The addition of vertical plants will help break up the hard lines of your urban landscape, creating a vibrant and inviting environment. Plus, vertical gardens have the added bonus of being able to provide an acoustic buffer, reducing noise from passersby.

Cost Effective

Vertical gardening is also a great option for those who are looking for a low-cost way to decorate their urban space. With a vertical garden, you can choose many low-cost materials that you either have lying around the house or can get from a local store. It’s also an easy project for DIYers, as there are many tutorials available on how to create a vertical garden. Plus, the cost of maintaining a vertical garden is relatively low, as you don’t need to buy any additional tools or equipment.

Choosing the Right Location

When creating a vertical garden in an urban space, the first step is to identify suitable spaces to house the garden. The space must receive plenty of sunlight, have access to a water source, and be large enough to accommodate the plants and decorations. Additionally, it is important to find a space that will not be too vulnerable to strong winds or heavy rains, as these could damage the plants and the structure.

Assessing the Materials Needed

Once the right space is found, the next step is to assess the materials needed to create the vertical garden. This includes things like soil, planting containers, wood, nails, screws, and any other materials needed to create the structure. It is important to use materials that are suitable for the climate and conditions of the space, as this will help ensure that the plants stay healthy.

Checking for Adequate Sunlight

When creating a vertical garden, it is also important to check that the space receives ample sunlight. Plants need sunlight to survive, so it is vital to make sure that there is an adequate amount of sunlight that reaches the plants. This can usually be done by checking the amount of light that reaches the space at different times of the day.

Ensuring Access to a Water Source

In addition to ensuring adequate sunlight, it is also necessary to make sure that the space has access to a water source. This is especially important in urban spaces, as it may not be possible to access a nearby water source. It is important to identify a suitable water source, such as a rain barrel or a connected hose, that can provide the garden with enough water.

Considering Wind and Rain Exposure

Lastly, it is important to consider the exposure of the space to strong winds and heavy rains. Wind and rain can damage the structure of the vertical garden, and can also damage the plants. Therefore, it is important to pick a space that is not exposed to strong winds or heavy rains, so that the plants and structure can stay safe.

Designing the Layout

When planning your vertical garden, the first step is to decide where you want it to go. Take into consideration the amount of sun and shade your plants will receive and select a location that is close to a water source. Taking the time to plan the placement of the vertical garden before you start building is key to ensuring your plants have the best chance of being successful.

Gather the Necessary Materials

Before you start building, make sure you have all of the tools and materials you need on hand. Depending on the type of vertical garden you choose, you may need soil, planting containers, trellises, frames, brackets, and other items. If you’re not sure what materials you will need, consult a knowledgeable expert who can help you decide which items are best for your vertical garden.

Decide on the Size and Shape

The size and shape of the vertical garden can be determined by a variety of factors, including the amount of space you have available and the types of plants you want to include. Consider the overall design of your outdoor space and select a vertical garden style that fits in well with the outdoor furniture and decor.

Get Creative with Your Layout

Once you’ve gathered the necessary materials, it’s time to start designing the layout of your vertical garden. Get creative and try to come up with a unique design that reflects your style. Think about the plants you want to include and how they will fit together in the space. Consider incorporating different heights and layers, and think about the best way to arrange the plants to maximize sunlight and airflow.

Install the Planters and Containers

Now it’s time to start putting your plan into action. Begin by installing the containers or planters at the desired height. Secure them in place with brackets, screws, and other hardware if necessary. Make sure the planters and containers are well-drained, and fill them with a high-quality potting soil.

Add the Plants and Decorations

Once the containers and planters are in place, it’s time to start adding plants and decorations. Start by planting the tallest plants in the back and work your way forward to the shorter plants. Add in the decorations of your choice, such as wind chimes, water features, and bird feeders, for a more ornamental look. Water the plants regularly and enjoy your beautiful vertical garden!

Plant Selection

Before you start planning to create a vertical garden in your urban space, it is important to assess the shape and size of the area you have at your disposal. It is also important to consider the climate and surrounding environment of your space. This should be taken into consideration when selecting the types of plants you will be using.

Prepare the Space

Once you have identified the area you will be using for your vertical garden, it is important to clean and prepare the space. Removing any excess weeds, stones and rubbish is essential to ensure a successful project. If your wall or structure is not painted, it is recommended to give it a coat of primer or sealer to protect it from the elements.

Choose Your Materials

The next step is to select the materials you will need to create your vertical garden. You will need to decide on the type of structure you will use to support the plants, such as trellis, lattice work or a frame. You will also need to select pots for your plants, and if your wall is not suitable for a traditional garden, you may need to purchase hanging pots or pockets. If your wall or structure is made of metal or other materials that can become hot, it is important to choose material that will not be affected by the heat.

Plant Selection

The type of plants you select will depend on your climate, the amount of sun and shade available in the area, and the size of your vertical garden. Selecting plants that are drought-tolerant and able to withstand extreme temperatures is essential. It is also a good idea to select plants that will create a lush and beautiful effect, such as flowers, trailing vines, and foliage. If you are new to gardening, it is always best to consult with a local gardening expert for advice and recommendations on the best plants for your space.

Installation and Maintenance

Once you have all the materials and plants selected for your vertical garden, it is time to install them. This process can be quite time-consuming and intricate, depending on the type of structure you have chosen. When all the plants are in place, the next step is to water and fertilize them. It is important to check the soil regularly and adjust the watering schedule accordingly to ensure the plants stay healthy and thriving.

If you are feeling creative, you can also add a few decorative elements to your vertical garden. Adding string lights or other lighting fixtures can create a beautiful atmosphere at night, and you can also use different containers and planters to give the garden an extra touch of personality.

Installing the Garden

Before you can begin planting your vertical garden, you’ll need to find the perfect outdoor spot to put it. Pick a spot with plenty of sun and access to water and make sure to allow enough room for the plants to grow.

Next, you’ll need to prepare the area for your garden. Begin by clearing away any existing plants and debris and assess the soil. If necessary, amend the soil to ensure it has enough nutrients for your plants to thrive.

Choosing Plants for your Vertical Garden

Now that you have prepped the space, you can start to focus on the plants you want. Consider which plants will thrive in the climate and available sunlight and water. Choose plants that will grow well in the vertical garden structure you choose. Some plants that do well in a vertical garden include creeping fig, vining ivy, yellow coral bells, and asparagus ferns.

Installing the Garden Structure

Once you have chosen the plants for your vertical garden, you will need to select a structure to attach them to. Consider options such as a wall trellis, a vertical garden frame, a wooden obelisk, or even a galvanized steel wall planter. It is important to select a structure that is sturdy and able to withstand the elements.

Attaching the Plants to the Structure

Once the vertical garden structure is in place, you can begin attaching the plants to it. You may need to purchase soil, compost, or a slow-release fertilizer to ensure your plants have the resources they need. Attach the plants to the structure one at a time, aiming for an even distribution.

Maintaining Your Vertical Garden

Once your vertical garden is set up and planted, it is important to maintain it. Depending on the climate, you may need to water your garden daily or just a few times a week. Regularly inspect the plants for signs of pests or disease and prune any overgrowth or dead foliage. With proper care, your vertical garden will provide you with beautiful foliage and blooms in no time!

Maintaining the Vertical Garden

Creating and maintaining a vertical garden in an urban space require careful consideration when it comes to watering and feeding your plants. Due to their close proximity and upright orientation, vertical gardens have a greater potential for water evaporation than traditional gardens. As such, it is important to check the soil of your vertical garden regularly to ensure that it is sufficiently moist. If the soil is dry, water your plants until the soil is evenly moist, but be sure not to overwater.

Encouraging Plant Growth

In order to encourage optimal growth, you may need to fertilize your vertical garden. Organic fertilizers such as compost or fish emulsion are ideal for supplementing your vertical garden with the nutrients it needs. The use of organic fertilizers also helps to maintain soil health. In addition, utilizing specific fertilizer designed for vertical gardens can help ensure that your plants receive the right amount of essential nutrients.

Pruning and Trimming Your Vertical Garden

Regular pruning and trimming of your vertical garden is essential to keeping it in optimal shape. Pruning encourages healthy growth and helps to keep the garden looking neat and tidy. As such, when pruning, it is important to remove any dead or dying foliage as well as any unruly branches. You should also trim back any plants that are growing too large or sprawling out of their allocated space, as this helps to create balance within the garden.

Pest Control for Your Vertical Garden

Urban spaces are prone to higher levels of pests and diseases, so looking after a vertical garden in an urban environment requires regular pest and disease control. Natural pest control methods such as neem oil or diatomaceous earth are ideal for protecting your vertical garden from insects and other pests. In addition, keeping an eye out for any visible signs of pests or disease will help you to identify any problems quickly and take the necessary steps to address them.

Regular Maintenance

To ensure that your vertical garden thrives, it is important to maintain it on a regular basis. This includes ensuring that the soil is in good condition by replenishing it with fresh compost, inspecting plants for signs of disease or pests, keeping it watered and fertilized, and pruning and trimming it as necessary. It is also important to rotate your plants regularly to ensure that they receive even sunlight exposure. With regular maintenance, your vertical garden will remain healthy and look its best.

A Home Oasis in the City

Urban gardening can be challenging, but it is also rewarding and offers an amazing opportunity to reduce stress, mental fatigue, and disconnect from the bustling streets of the city. By creating a vertical garden, urban dwellers can reap the benefits of growing their own plants, flowers, and vegetables. With some basic supplies and knowledge, anyone can make their own vertical garden to personalize their urban home. With careful design and a little creativity, you can create a space where plants thrive and bring life to your home. This can be a refreshing sanctuary amongst the chaos, creating a home oasis in the city.

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